For recent updates to this dataset, please see

CWED Working Paper Series

Recent papers

WP #05Roberto Iacono (2016). The Nordic model and the oil nation, March 2016.

WP #04Niklas Jakobsson and Staffan Kumlin (2016). Election Campaign Agendas, Government Partisanship, and the Welfare State, January 2016.

WP #03Carlo Knotz and Johannes Lindvall (2014). Coalitions and Compensation: The Case of Unemployment Benefit Duration, forthcoming (accepted for publication in Comparative Political Studies; a previous WP version is available at

WP #02Detlef Jahn, Kati Kuitto, Nils Düpont and Sebastian Stephan (2014). Uneven responsiveness to diffusion effects? Regional patterns of unemployment policy diffusion in Western and Eastern Europe, November 2014.

WP #01Lyle Scruggs (2014). Social Welfare Generosity Scores in CWED 2: A Methodological Genealogy, February 2014.


We welcome all research papers that use CWED 2 data for inclusion in the Working Paper Series. This way we would like to activate and encourage a lively debate about the data in special, and broader implications for our understanding of the modern welfare state. Abstracts and full texts of all submissions are available for free and are accessible here. The Working Papers are not formally reviewed, and we encourage all authors to publish their papers subsequently in peer-reviewed journals and other venues. Inclusion in the Working Papers Series does not preclude later publication in a peer-reviewed venue.

How to submit

Submissions to the Working Paper Series should include the following:
Author Information: name, title, affiliation and contact information. Please indicate the corresponding author by co-authored papers.
Paper: Submit the full text of the paper, including references and the names of all authors. Papers should not exceed 10.000 worlds in length all included.
Abstract: Submit an abstract of 250 words max. with the paper.
Send your submission to

General policies

Copyright policies

Authors maintain copyright privileges for their own work submitted to the Working Paper Series. Uses, such as reproduction for profit, are not permitted without the written permission of the copyright owner, who will, in most cases be the author. Permission for electronic dissemination of CWED Working Papers is granted. Reproduction in hardcopy or print format for educational purposes or by non-profit organisations such as libraries and schools is permitted. For all other uses, please send a query to

Publication of CWED Working Papers in scholarly books and journals

We are more than willing to accommodate the needs and requirements of book, journal or other publishers. While it is relatively uncommon, some publishers ask that papers be removed from Working Paper Series before publication. On request, we will remove the paper although the title, authorship information, and abstract will remain in the Working Papers database.
Note that some publishing venues ask that the Working Paper version be somewhat different from the published version. Authors generally send us the version of the paper that is initially sent for publication; thus, the Working Paper version would not include the publisher's subsequent copy editing or formatting. At the same time, authors are invited to revise Working Papers at any time; authors may simply send an updated version with a new date (marked "revised") and we will replace the prior version of the Working Paper.

Required citation

Users of the CWED 2 data are required to cite the data source in their list of references.
Please refer to the data as:

  • Scruggs, Lyle, Detlef Jahn, and Kati Kuitto. 2017. “Comparative Welfare Entitlements Dataset 2. Version 2017-09.” University of Connecticut & University of Greifswald.

Please refer to the codebook as:

  • Scruggs, Lyle, Detlef Jahn, and Kati Kuitto. 2017. “Comparative Welfare Entitlements Dataset 2 Codebook. Version 2017-09.” University of Connecticut & University of Greifswald.

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